源之原味

在这个牛仔竞技中, 机器人进入击落的飞机, 探索假的放射性灾难。

 

抽象
竞争是 BYO-Bot

这篇文章来自theverge.com。原文网址是: https://www.theverge.com/2018/6/23/17491736/robot-rodeo-bomb-squads-sandia-national-laboratories

以下内容由机器翻译生成。如果您觉得可读性不好, 请阅读原文或 点击这里.

上周在新墨西哥州的沙漠, 军事和民用炸弹小队面临 在第十二年的机器人竞技比赛中, 这是一个星期的激烈培训组织 Sandia 国家实验室.为了测试他们的技能, 炸弹小队驾驶他们的机器人进入击落的飞机, 探索人造放射性灾难现场, 并爬上楼梯的飞行。

"其他人都在逃避炸弹, 这些家伙是去, 说:" 杰克以利雅萨, Sandia 的机器人经理和牛仔竞技的协调员。他的目标是帮助炸弹小队解决现实世界的情况, 了解他们的机器人能做什么, 不能做什么。"我们训练这些家伙安全回家," 他说。

一些精心设计的场景旨在测试机器人操作员的技能和解决问题的能力。例如, 一个练习是基于1984电影 红黎明, 青少年在第三次世界大战中对抗侵略势力。竞争的机器人必须进入一个坠落的 幻影 F-4 战斗机 "找回黑盒子和一些花哨的电子产品, 这样我们就能找出敌人在做什么," 以利雅萨说。另一项演习要求炸弹小队共同努力, 找出地下辐射泄漏的源头, 并控制它们。

"这不只是像驾驶遥控汽车。这很复杂有折断的翅膀和锋利的物体, 有挑战性的领域, 你必须让机器人进入, "以利雅萨说。这就是为什么这种训练是如此的关键。场景是 "关于机器人操纵和控制, 环绕一个有趣的小故事。

的边缘 与以利雅萨谈到操作机器人, 外星人采血, 以及为什么机器人训练如此重要。

这次采访是为了清晰和简洁而编辑的。

陪我走过一个机器人竞技的样子。

我通常有10到12队出现, 这意味着我通常需要10到12不同的场景。把场景想象成一个插图。他们通常只得到90分钟。在每个场景中, 有一个脚本, 我的评估员会读给他们。炸弹技术员可能会问一些问题, 比如, "我们正在寻找六或七这些物品吗?计算器可以回答这个问题。通常他们会说, "我们没有更多的信息。你有90分钟时间开始!然后他们必须开始解决这个问题。


一个机器人探索地下设施, 在第十二年的机器人竞技竞赛中寻找辐射。
图片: Sandia 国家实验室

Is it BYO-robot?

Instead of bringing your own bottle, you bring your own bot to the event. I’ll probably get the saying wrong, but it’s “train as you fight, fight as you train.” If I gave them something else or something different, that’s not the best way to get training value. It’s got to be your equipment — you know what it does, you know what it doesn’t do. So they’ll actually show up in their bomb truck, and these scenarios are usually geographically based around Sandia labs, which is on Kirtland Air Force Base here in Albuquerque. And so I’ll have some scenarios spread out so that the teams aren’t all seeing each other. I’ve got to find a location or something that looks like a burned-out building or a village or an underground, so you have to find a location to hold a scenario.


Video: Vince Gasparich/Sandia National Laboratories

Did I hear correctly in the video from last year’s Robot Rodeo that you’ve done an alien blood-collection scenario? Is there something Sandia knows that the rest of us don’t?

We like to build a scenario around the Men in Black movies. And when we did it, we had access to an old C-130 airplane fuselage. And so in that one, “Galaxy Air” — that’s the airline in the Men in Black movies — was transporting aliens, and these aliens were on life support. And we had a recirculating pump that you’d have in a party with a punch bowl pumping the liquid. So we had that set up with a bunch of red Kool-Aid representing the blood. One of the things they had to do was drive into the airplane fuselage, which was non-trivial getting up in there. They had a little plastic beaker that they had to pick up in their little robot gripper and not drop it and get it under this stream of dripping blood.

But then they also had to take a sample of something else. And then it’s like, “Oh wait, I’ve already got this beaker full of blood in my gripper, and I’m supposed to do something else.” It’s like, “You know what, shoot. I should have done the other task first and then gone over and picked up the beaker.” So, it might seem funny — and it was — but it’s really also training them to think about your operational sequence and to think it through. Don’t just get excited and start driving inside the airplane.


Video: Vince Gasparich/Sandia National Laboratories

Why is it important for bomb techs to practice driving their robots?

Driving your robot is a perishable skill — just like playing a sport or playing a video game. When you’re a kid and you’re playing a video game, it takes hours and hours of practice. But you put it down for weeks or a month, and then you try to pick it up again, and it’s like, “Okay, how do I do this? Where’s the switch? Is it this switch I flip up or flip down?” You’ve got to just keep practicing it, and the robot rodeo forces them to do that.

We did a scenario years ago where the basic objective of that scenario was just operator skill. They drove the robot, picked up a frisbee off the ground, hung it on a coat rack, drove across these spare tires with a mouse trap in the gripper without dropping it, all that kind of stuff. Imagine in front of you that there are lots of knobs and switches that control all the various joints of the robot and how you drive, and a joystick you can move for the camera, and a different one to fire the weapons systems. So imagine all that, and we put a Tupperware box on top of it with two holes to stick your hands in so that you couldn’t see your hands.

Oh boy, were they mad at me for that one. But at the end of it, they said, “That was a fantastic one because I realized I’ve got to get better at this.” Because in a real life-or-death situation, when they’re out there with that robot, you can’t be looking down at your hands. You have to have trained enough to just know instinctively where all the buttons or the knobs are so you’re focused on the task of disabling that device or rendering it safe or saving someone.


Video: Vince Gasparich/Sandia National Laboratories

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