边缘2017技术报告卡: 摄像头



这篇文章来自theverge.com。原文网址是: https://www.theverge.com/2017/12/30/16810428/2017-tech-recap-cameras-360-degree-leica-sony-samsung-google-gopro

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数码摄影, 因为我们知道它即将改变。从2017年发布的一些相机来看, 它已经在发生变化, 真的。去年是一个坚实的, 偶尔刺激一个为照相机产业, 在过去的12月里, 更多的迹象显示, 摄影的基础正在演变。与软件和计算摄影的进步有关的很多。


让我们从消费者360度相机开始, 直到今年, 人们常常感觉自己是在寻找问题的解决方案。虽然专业人士花了多年的时间来制作高端的 VR 产品, 使用的是360度的摄像头, 但这些相机的消费版本还是有很多需要解决的。三星的 第二代齿轮360, 今年发布, 更便宜, 更快, 并捕捉到更高质量的图像。然而, 它总是觉得像一个烦人的使用。同时, 360 相机, 捕捉到基本的手机捕获这样可怕的画面, 并有这么多的性能不一致, 该类别开始似乎是不值得大多数人的时间。

但随后三摄像头出现: Insta360 一, 该 GoPro 融合, 而 Rylo.每一个这些摄像头的想法360度的图像和完全翻转它颠倒。制作这些相机的公司决定利用我们大家仍然以矩形形式查看视频的事实, 因此, 而不是使用360度的相机来捕获和发布原始的360度的素材, 这些 (及其相应的应用程序) 让你拍摄的镜头, 并以不同的方式操纵它。

One of the most compelling use cases each of these cameras presents is essentially a “shoot first, frame later” workflow. The cameras film in every direction, and when you review the footage you can frame it as if you were standing back in that spot, figuring out what to shoot on the fly. It’s a thrilling experience for an obsessive like me, because it helps make sure you didn’t miss anything, and it opens up tons of new creative opportunities. There are other uses, too, which the GoPro Fusion especially taps into. There are “little planet” videos, and a mode that can essentially make it look like the camera was hovering in front of (or next to) your subject.

这些都是在专业设置的360度镜头做的所有事情, 但让他们到的地步, 他们的工作, 500 美元的相机和智能手机是一个巨大的进步, 今年采取了。这一步的令人兴奋之处在于它可能会把我们带下, 我们的智能手机使用前端和后置摄像头串联以获得类似的能力。想象一下, 不再需要把你的智能手机指向你要拍摄的主题, 因为你可以在以后正确地裁剪它吗?这对我们每天在口袋里的摄像头所形成的行为和关系会有什么用?

I ask myself these kinds of questions about smartphone cameras a lot these days, especially because the leading companies in the space have developed their own crazy software tricks that are changing how we approach and execute mobile photography. Take Apple’s Live Photos in iOS 11. What was once little more than a cute feature is now a really useful thing to leave on all the time. If you miss a shot you were trying to capture because someone blinked, or your kid moved, you can now reselect one of the other frames captured by Live Photos. Apple also added a feature that blends Live Photo frames together to simulate a long exposure photo, which produces some really amazing (and sometimes trippy) results.

Then there’s Google, which is currently the leader in this computational photography revolution. The company’s approach of taking and combining multiple images when you tap the shutter button, (which technically started back with Google Glass) has blossomed with the Pixel 2 in 2017, makes it the most formidable player in the mobile photography market right now.

Google Pixel 2

Photo by James Bareham / The Verge

And then there was the surprise that Google built its own imaging chip into the second-generation Pixel phones, which has me wondering about where it will take these idea of computational photography next. Will it use that power to remove objects that are blocking your subject? Or retouch your photos on the fly?

Away from mobile photography, we have the Light L16, a ridiculouslooking camera with 16 smartphone-sized camera modules on its face. A third of them are wide angle, a third are medium range, and a third are telephoto; and the camera uses computational photography to blend the results together to simulate a 28-150mm zoom lens. It’s another wild idea that finally came to fruition this year that I can see coming to our smartphones in the not too distant future — in fact, the folks at Light tell me that they’re already working with an unnamed OEM to do just that.

2017 wasn’t just about software, though. There was plenty of traditional digital cameras that helped push some boundaries, like the stupid fast Sony A9 and its slightly slower sibling, the Sony A7R III. Canon released the long-awaited 6D Mark II. And Nikon’s brawny D850 also hit the market.

But for all the advancements these cameras bring with them, they can’t compare to the wild new questions that advanced camera software and computational photography are forcing us to ask. How should someone use a smartphone with cameras that can see and capture in all directions with the zoom range equivalent of a telephoto lens? What about cameras ones that can make every person in every photo look “perfect”? What about when there’s no camera at all? Whatever happens, at least we know the Sonys, Canons, and Nikons of the world will still be there when we we get tired of rubbing our temples looking for the answers.

Final grade: B+

2017 Grade

The Verge 2017 report card: Cameras

Gold Stars

  • Even more new ways to approach and think about photography
  • Finally, a good use for 360-degree cameras
  • Smartphone cameras are doing unthinkable things

Needs Improvement

  • Traditional camera companies spent another year iterating
  • There are a lot of new questions we’re going to have to answer, and not a lot of guidance

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